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Improving nutrition and health through non-timber forest products in Ghana.
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Improving nutrition and health through non-timber forest products in Ghana.

Author: A Ahenkan Affiliation: Human Ecology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B1090, Jette, Brussels, Belgium. aahenkan@vub.ac.be; E Boon
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 2011 Apr; 29(2): 141-8
  Peer-reviewed
Database:From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Other Databases: ElsevierBritish Library Serials
Summary:
Nutrition and health are fundamental pillars of human development across the entire life-span. The potential role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in improving nutrition and health and reduction of poverty has been recognized in recent years. NTFPs continue to be an important source of household food security, nutrition, and health. Despite their significant contribution to food security, nutrition, and  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: A Ahenkan Affiliation: Human Ecology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B1090, Jette, Brussels, Belgium. aahenkan@vub.ac.be; E Boon
ISSN:1606-0997
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 727156113
Awards:

Abstract:

Nutrition and health are fundamental pillars of human development across the entire life-span. The potential role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in improving nutrition and health and reduction of poverty has been recognized in recent years. NTFPs continue to be an important source of household food security, nutrition, and health. Despite their significant contribution to food security, nutrition, and sustainable livelihoods, these tend to be overlooked by policy-makers. NTFPs have not been accorded adequate attention in development planning and in nutrition-improvement programmes in Ghana. Using exploratory and participatory research methods, this study identified the potentials of NTFPs in improving nutrition and food security in the country. Data collected from the survey were analyzed using the SPSS software (version 16.0). Pearson's correlation (p < 0.05) showed that a significant association exists between NTFPs and household food security, nutrition, and income among the populations of Bibiani-Bekwai and Sefwi Wiawso districts in the western region of Ghana. NTFPs contributed significantly to nutrition and health of the poor in the two districts, especially during the lean seasons. The results of the survey also indicated that 90% of the sampled population used plant medicine to cure various ailments, including malaria, typhoid, fever, diarrhoea, arthritis, rheumatism, and snake-bite. However, a number of factors, including policy vacuum, increased overharvesting of NTFPs, destruction of natural habitats, bushfires, poor farming practices, population growth, and market demand, are hindering the use and development of NTFPs in Ghana. The study also provides relevant information that policy-makers and development actors require for improving nutrition and health in Ghana.
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